Mycomedica hory

Stinging nettle


Other names:

  • latinsky - Urtica dioica



Brief description

Stinging nettle is a perennial plant that is very resistant.  It’s widespread all over the world, mainly in the northern hemisphere, but it can also be found in the tropics. The nettle grows to a height of up to 1.5 metres. It’s nourished by creeping rhizomes that are yellow to orange. The stem, stalk, is straight. It isn’t branched in young plants; it branches in older plants in the upper part of the plant. The stem is hairy, as well as the leaves that have a typical jagged edge. The stem and leaves are stinging. The trichomes of the leaves and stem with acetylcholine, histamine, serotonin, leukotrienes and formic acid are responsible for stinging. Nettle has diclinous flowers, i.e., separate male and female, both types of flowers create inflorescences. Female are panicle and male are raceme. After flowering, ovoid achene emerges. For most of us, nettle is just an unpleasant stinging weed, but many consume fresh nettle, for example instead of spinach, but dried leaves and the stem are more commonly used.


Nettle contains a large number of biologically active substances, the most famous include:

Essential oils:

  • Camphor
  • Carvacrol
  • Naphthalene
  • Safranal
  • Borneol
  • Decanal
  • Menthol
  • Thymol
  • Beta-Cyclocitral
  • Farnesol
  • Gamma-Cadinene
  • Hexenal
  • Etc.


  • Tannins
  • Flavonoids: kaemferol, isorhamnetin, quercetin, astralgin, rutin
  • Phenols: caffeic acid, p-coumaric acid, chlorogenic acid, gentisic acid, vanillic acid, scopoletin, etc.
  • Fatty acids: linolenic acid, oleic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid
  • Polysaccharides: glucans 1 → 4, rhamnogalactoglucans, arabinogalactans, etc.
  • Isolectins
  • Sterols: 7beta-hydroxysitosterol, stigmasterol
  • Terpenes: urso acid
  • Proteins and amino acids: aspartate, threonine, serine, glutamic acid, proline, alanine, leucine, tyrosine, valine, etc.
  • Vitamins: vitamins B, C, K
  • Carotenoids: beta carotene, lutoxanthin, lutein, violaxanthin
  • Minerals: calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium
  • Chlorophyll
  • Lignans: secoisolariciresinol, 9-acetyl-neo-olivil 

EU approved health claims:

From a short list of ingredients in nettles, it’s clear that its effects will be varied. We’ll only list those that are approved health claims. But it’s not all that a nettle can help you with.

Thanks to nettles, you can keep:

  • Normal vascular system function
  • Normal cardiovascular system activity
  • Normal condition of bones, hair and nails
  • Normal renal function – excretion
  • Normal joint condition
  • Normal condition of respiratory system
  • Normal skin condition
  • Normal prostate function

It’s also suitable for:

  • Natural immunity – immune system
  • Refreshment of body
  • Vitality – energy
  • Heavy legs

Excretion of water from the body

We would like to inform you that we can no longer present claims that might imply any healing effect of herbs or fungi on our website. It’s prohibited by existing EU legislation. Even though traditional Chinese medicine has worked for thousands of years and has been tested on an immense number of patients. We also we can’t mention the effects proved by current scientific studies. But we believe in our customers' common sense. Detailed information on herbs and fungi is available in publicly available sources on the Internet. Valuable information is available at

 Other educational sources:
 Martin Powell - Medicinal Mushrooms A Clinical Guide
G.M. Halpren, A.H. Miller - Medicinal Mushrooms Ancient Remedies dor Modern Ailments
G.M. Halpren - Healing Mushrooms
Christopher Hobbs - Medicinal Mushrooms An Ecploration of Tradition, Healing and Culture
Robert Rogers - The Fungal Pharmacy



Where you can buy our products

Extensive network of distributors throughout the Czech Republic

Simply check with the nearest reseller, distributor, or pharmacy with our products.